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Contribution of ASARECA and NaLIRRI to food security and household income in smallholder crop-livestock systems in Masaka and Ngora districts Uganda: Success stories
Agricultural Research and Information Centre, National Agricultural Research Laboratories,P.O. Box 7065, Kampala
Agriculture continues to be critical for rural poverty reduction, employment, economic growth and food security in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA). Despite a perception that ECA is an urbanized region, roughly one third to one half of people still live in rural areas. Agricultural production, processing, and related services remain an important source of income in many ECA countries. However, the agricultural sector is highly climate sensitive and potential adverse changes in temperature, precipitation and the frequency of extreme events (for example, droughts, heat waves, floods, forest fires) as a result of climate change are likely to increase the vulnerability of poor rural communities. This will place a strain on institutions, food supply and rural growth. This risk is further exacerbated by the relatively low productivity associated with a lack of capacity to adapt to the present climate in many ECA countries, resulting in an adaptation deficit. In addition, even for farmers in countries that have the potential to benefit from climate change in the future, many are poorly positioned to take full advantage of such opportunities, unless investments and policy changes are implemented.
In view of the above challenges, ASARECA and the National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI) implemented (2011-2013) a project “Harnessing crop-livestock integration to enhance food security and livelihoods resilience to effects of climate change in Eastern and Central Africa (LFP 12)” to enhance productivity and competitiveness of integrated smallholder crop-livestock systems in Uganda through the promotion of market oriented integrated smallholder dairy and vegetable production units while developing gender responsive innovations to boost their resilience to the effects of climate change and variability. This document summarizes farmers’ experiences in testing climate smart agriculture technologies and innovations in Masaka and Ngora districts of Uganda.
What is climate-smart agriculture?
Agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals.
Description of study sites
Masaka district is situated about 37kms. away from the Equator towards the south and lies between 00 250 South and 320 East, having an average altitude of 1,150 m above sea level (Figure 1). The District has a total land area of about 4560.4sq. kms. The annual average rainfall is 800-1,000 mm with 100-120 rainy days, in two seasons. The bi-modal rainfall seasons are March – May and September to November. Mean temperature ranges between 160C and 300C, while relative humidity is 62.1%. The district is typically dependent on crop-livestock systems. The soil texture is ranges from red-latrine, sandy loan and loam but in general, productive. The total geographical area of the district is about 6986 sq. kms out of which 5865 sq. kms is arable and 122,120 hectares are under cultivation considerable area is covered by marshlands, lakes, rivers, forestry and swamps. The total gazetted forest estate is about 35302 hectares this constitutes about 6.38% of the total land area of the district.
Ngora District was established on 1st July 2010 by the Ugandan Parliament. Before that it was part of Kumi District. The district lies at an altitude of between 1,036 and 1,127 meters above sea level. According to UBOS (2008), the estimated population of Ngora District was 356,500. This population is mainly rural with about 5% characterized as urban population.
Average rainfall ranges between 1000 mm and 1500 mm coming in two seasons: March–May and September–November. There is a short dry spell between the two rain seasons during mid-June–mid July. The long dry season sets in during late November through early March. The distribution is such that areas bordering Northeast experience earlier dry seasons. The vegetation in Ngora district is characterized by wooded savannah, short-grass savannah, forests and short grassland that is ideal for grazing.
Mixed agriculture is practiced, with cultivation by oxen as the main agricultural technology and livestock kept extensively in those areas that are tsetse-fly free. The main crops grown include; millet, groundnuts, sorghum, rice, cowpea, and soybeans, which are predominantly intercropped. Other crops include potatoes, cassava, sunflower and bananas with cotton as the major cash crop.
Figure 1: Map of Uganda showing location of Ngora and Masaka districts
A. Farmers’ success stories in Masaka district
1. Nakayiki Rose, Chairperson, Butale Balunzi Balunzi Twegatte Group, Butale village, Bukoto sub-county, Kabonera
Ms. Nakayiki is involved in vegetable growing, zero grazing. Before NaLIRRI-ASARECA project, group members used to suffer losses due to long droughts, lack of markets for their vegetables, and milk. The quality and quantity of milk was low. The group acquired a solar dryer, under-ground water tank and treadle pump for irrigation of vegetables and watering animals, pasture seed, (lablab ), training on ghee processing and group dynamics and saving .
The group members process and sell their vegetables at competitive prices
With improved animal feeding, the quality and quantity of milk has increased and the group has a milk collection centre, market their milk as a group which earns them higher profits. With increased vegetable and milk production, nutrition has improved in the families and the income from the sale of milk and vegetables has helped them educate their children. Also income generated has also been used to start a saving scheme among the group where members are allowed to borrow at a very low interest.
2. Stephine Korry a neighbour to Nakayiki also belongs to this group (Butale Balumi Balunzi Twegate)
Ms. Stephine Korry has been practicing zero grazing since 1999. She received the first in-calf cow from the World Vision. She received pasture seed from the NaLIRRI-ASARECA project and planted on one acre. With improved pastures, milk production has increased by two litres. She has also gained from animal manure which she applies on her vegetables for better yields. This has enabled her earn money to educate her children and has improved nutrition in her family and is able to supply milk to breast feeding mothers in her neighborhood. She has a nursery school and pupils with their teachers benefit from the milk she produces.
3. Ms Jeninah Katende of Kasenyi village belongs is also a member of Butale Balimi Balunzi Farmers Group
She used to feed her cow on elephant (Napier) grass alone, the animal was not getting adequate feeding and was yielding very low milk. Her group was trained in better animal feeding and the project provided them with pasture seed for planting and multiplication. When she started feeding her cow on improved pastures, the cow’s health improved and her milk production gradually increased from 5 litres to 12 litres per day. This was noticed by her neighbours who have since started their own pasture plots with seed from her. Her challenge now is the low supply of pasture seed due to heavy demand from the village mates who have realized the benefit of improved pastures. She has managed to give out to a few farmers.
4. Ms Nakanjako Janet of Taga-Kasana, Kingo subcounty in Masaka district
She received a zero grazing cow from MAADO. Initially she was using a matchet (panga) to chop elephant grass for her cow. There was a lot of wastage of the grass and very often the panga would cut her fingers in the process of chopping grass for the animal.
The project provided her with a fixed knife forage chopper andher group was trained in making hay from Brachiaria mulato and forage conservation for dry season feeding.
The forage chopper has made work easier, and enabled maximum food utilisationThe group was also provided with an underground water tank for the animals and home use.
Manure from the animals has improved on food production. The farmer has benefitted from various training from project staff. She encourages other farmers to come and learn from her group members so that they too can benefit.
5. Emanuel Bukenya, a farmer/Trainer from Kakunyu village, Masaka District got a zero grazing cow from Kulika Trust for Sustainable Agriculture.
Before the project, he was experiencing problems with feeding the animal.The project trained him and his group of 50 members (Kakunyu Farmer’s Group) in animal nutrition (including mineral block making) and better animal husbandry. He received and planted Brachiaria planting materials from the project. His animal now feeds on high quality feeds consisting of a mixture of feeds and legumes.The farmer has realized increased milk production from 5 litres to 8 litres due to improved feeding.He has also noted that good animal feeding enables the animal “get on heat” earlier.The increased milk production has improved his income and family food wellbeing.Mr Bukenya is now a Key Farmer Trainer (KFT) in Kikunyu village and has so far trained and provided fodder seed to over 45 farmers in the neighboring g villages in animal feeding, milk handling and general cattle management.
6. Mr. Mayanja Leonard/Immaculate, Kyabbogo-Nkoni, Kingo, Lwengo District
The couple belongs to Bulimutaka Women’s Group affiliated to Send a Cow and are both farmer trainers. Mrs Mayanja is a Peer Farmer and trains farmers in vegetable growing and organic agriculture. Her husband, Mr Mayanja Leonard trains farmers in cheap ways of water harvesting using underground tanks.
The project discovered that the couple was already harvesting water from surface run-off and decided to contract them to construct more tanks in Bukulula, Kabonera, Taga ,Kitenga, Kikunyu. Many farmers are now using the dams to irrigate coffee, home use and for livestock. The couple has so far trained over 30 groups some with a membership of over 35 farmers in water harvesting for coffee production, organic vegetable production and marketing.
7. Mr. and Mrs. Daaki Peter, Kitenga village-Kalagala,Mukungwe, Masaka district a member of Akamira Eyiye
Mr Daaki, a retired teacher started practicing zero grazing in 1989 with one local cow which he later exchanged for a Friesian calf. He received training on zero grazing from several NGOs including World Vision, MAADO but still experienced the problem of poor feeding for the animals due to inadequate forage lack of knowledge on fodder preservation.
The family has received training on aspects dairy and vegetable production; forage seed (Centrocema, Brachiaria, Napier grass that is tolerant to Napier stunt disease and desmodium), underground water tank and treadle pump, a forage chopper and vegetable seeds.
The family has been able to improve household income and nutrition. Mrs. Daaki testified that she earns over Shs 120,000 from a 12 x 30 ft vegetable garden which she produces throughout the year because the family has water for irrigation and applies animal manure. The vegetables are a boost to nutrition in the family.
The farmer has been trained in making multinutrient mineral blocks which he sells to other zero grazers. He is also doing hay and silage conservation. From the animal wastes the farmer is able to set up a biogas plant which provides energy for cooking and lighting. He has constructed a descent house. The income has also helped him educated his children up to University and other institutions of higher learning (3 graduates). He has used acquired income to start other projects e.g. poultry
The local community have appreciated and adopted the technologies especially silage and hay making and storage. Local communities have received and multiplied fodder seed supplied by the farmer thus improving on the local community. He has trained over 100 farmers from the neighboring districts some as far as Mbarara and Bushenyi. The family has gained a lot of publicity in newspaper, magazines (Uganda @ 50 published by monitor), and Television programmes. This has been attributed to their excellent work. The family has been able to renovate their house.
8. Ms Agnes Kagimu of Akamira Eyiye Farmers’s Group, Kitenga village –Kalagala,Mukungwe-Masaka
Technologies adopted: Drip irrigation for vegetables.
She has regular supply of vegetables for the market and earns over Shs 60,000 which enables her to cater for her basic needs like paraffin, soap, scholastic materials for the children and medical treatment. She encourages other women to take up the activity as a source of income.
- The groups received training on ghee production but were unable to produce ghee due to low fat content of the milk.
- Pineapple drying has not been successful because its takes a longer time
- Packaging and labelling of their products needs to be improved if they are to penetrate local and regional markets.
More irrigation needed to increase vegetable production. Gobe, carrots,cabbage and katunkuma are most popular with the farmers therefore more seeds are required to expand on production. Farmers expressed need for Training on Yogurt making,
9. Mrs. Mary Lwanyaga, Kitenga village
Mrs. Lwanyaga said that she has improved income through vegetable production. She benefited from water harvesting and is able to produce vegetables throughout the year through irrigation and manure application.
10. Butale Balunzi Balimi Twegate Group is located in Butale-Bukoto in Masaka district. It has a membership of 12 members. The group received the following technologies from NaLIRRI-ASARECA project: improved pasture seeds, vegetable seeds and solar dryers, and training in savings.
The group members had earlier received Dairy cows from Masaka Diocesan Development Organization (MADDO) with an exception one member who benefited from The World Vision. They admitted to have faced challenges of feed resources (pastures) and water availability for domestic use and giving their animals.
The technologies and knowledge provided by the project has significantly improved their livelihoods of the group members and their community. Working in a group has helped them sell their milk collectively to fetch better prices. They sell their milk to Masaka town. They have also enjoyed a lot of publicity in the media and they are always invited to exhibit their products (dried vegetables especially) on various exhibitions recently being UMA-show in Jinja. They are already planning to participate in another Uganda Manufacturers Association (UMA) exhibition to take place at Lugogo show ground on the 9th October, 2013.
The group challenges include;
- The activity of ghee production did not take off because the milk from the animals has a low fat content
- Drying pineapples also failed because they were taking long to dry
- Despite high demand for their dry products, they still face challenge of packaging and labelling.
- Members who have not benefited from water harvesting tanks still face a challenge of growing vegetables during the dry season.
11. Kamenyamiggo District Agricultural and Information Centre
This is a government institution in Masaka district with a major objective of training young women and men who are not able to continue to tertiary institutions because of financial problems. The Centre Manager said “Over 500 youth have benefitted from technologies introduced by NaLIRRI and ASARECA. These include use of livestock production in vegetable production; pot-harvest procession of vegetables, forage production and utilization and general dairy cattle management@.
12. Abandemu women’s group is located in Buyikuzi village, Lusasa-Bukulula Kalungu district. It has a membership of 20 members (3men, 4 youth).
Nakidde Madina a new member to the group says she has already been exposed. She recently participated in an exhibition in Masaka town and says that many people appreciated their dried products. There was a very high demand for them (products) and other people were asking for the group contacts to come for training. The most demanded products included Nakati, Katunkuma, Corrots, Cabbages, and Egg Plants.
Technologies introduced to them by NaLIRRI-ASARECA project include:
- Improved fodder banks (maize intercropped with lablab; Napier or/and Brachiaria grass intercropped with forage legumes
- Water harvesting technology (the tanks)
- Vegetable growing
The group further says that they have gained a lot of publicity by appearing on T.V such as Bukkede. They have also gained international friends from Rwanda, Tanzania, and Kenya as a result of these project activities.
The group members mentioned the following as key benefits from group formation:
- Groups are easily supported for tours to learn from other areas
- They have been able to get friends and publicity
- Working in groups helps them learn from one another
- Groups help them handle bigger tasks that can be handled by an individual alone e.g. digging a compost pit.
- Farmers mentioned that the study tours and workshops were a new experience for them and were highly appreciated. The tours and workshops helped them learn new forage technologies and to increase the efficiency on their farms. The participatory approach stimulated households to exchange knowledge on all aspects of crop and livestock farming.
- The attitude and approach of extension staff changed. In the past, the extension staff were only concerned with animal health, when the project began the extension staff became more interested in animal feeding and breeding. Extension services especially artificial insemination was more readily available and more reliable. Farmers received more training and were involved in workshops more often.
- Participating farmers reported that their success in the trials attracted many other farmers from within and outside the district.
- The group members involved themselves in various economic activities such as crop and livestock production and drama as a means to raise their standard of living.
- Being together in groups helped them to combine their efforts in improving their economic activities.
- Lwanga Ssenfuka, another youth looking after M/S Nakakande’s cows is very appreciative of the pastures introduced by NARO-ASAARECA project since they give them enough feeds for the animals. This has also increased their milk production that has been reflected on their wages. He also says that he has benefited from the tours organized under the project.
- The groups also helped women to get recognition in the village and respect by their husbands.
- These women further stated that the project activities have kept occupied and there is no-more idleness that results rumour mongering among women.
- As a result of the popularity of our group, our members have gained positions of leaderships in different institutions such churches, schools and hospitals where we serve on different committees” says the chairperson of Abendemu women’s group.
They suggest that a project gives them other dairy breeds that feed less compared Frisian which they say they are heavy feeders.
B. Farmer testimonies from Ngora District
1. Margret Kongai hails from Osigiria Village, Ngora town council in Ngora District
Benefits from the project
- The pastures performed very well even during the dry season, I could still harvest the green pastures and feed my animal direct. I have reserved another area where I am going to grow more pastures and conserve them into hay. The forage chopper has made the work of chopping grass so easy and faster and I am able to save a lot of time to attend to other business. The pastures doubled the milk production of my cow from 5litres to 10 liters a day.
- Vegetables too did well with the exception of tomatoes, this was because we practice organic farming and therefore we don’t encourage the use of chemicals. Never the less, I was able to get some for home consumption and also sold some to the surrounding community”.
- The project has training us on value addition. This included vegetable drying using a solar drier, milk processing (ghee, cheese, yoghurt and butter). Most farmers in her group have picked interest in vegetable drying because it helps us to preserve the vegetables for a long time in addition to drying. Margret sells her vegetables to the near-by Ngora High school and she is able to fetch Ug. Shs. 200,000 a month from an area of less than half an acre. She sells her eggs plants to the locals around.
- Margret says that they were given little starter seed for the pastures but they learnt to multiply their own seed.
- The material used in the water harvesting tank has been destroyed by the spear grass, heat and termites resulting in dysfunctional tanks. The heat also destroys the materials of the solar drier trays.
2. Olupot Rehema hails from Osigira Village, Ngora Town council. She had earlier received from Send a cow project before the NARO=NaLIRRI=ASARECA intervention. She went ahead to write another proposal that earned her another heifer.
Rehean says the interventions of the NARO-ASAARECA did not only bring her new technologies and knowledge but also exposed her to more friends. Rehema has benefited from the following technologies from the project;
- Fixed knife forage grass chopper,
- Treadle pump,
- Improved pastures seeds,
- Vegetable seed
- In the first season of planting, Mr. Rehema was able to earn Ug. Shs 170,000/= from her vegetables. She also realized the importance of the pastures and she plans to expand from original small plot to half an acre during the rainy season.
- She appreciates the trainings she got from the project especially on vegetable processing which increases the shell life the vegetables, but admits that they still have a challenge on attracting the market beyond their community because of poor packaging. On value addition to milk, the group is unable to find on a local market a special material used for sieving ghee.
- She appreciates the project interventions that have resulted in increased food in the homes and also selling the surplus to earn money. They have also received visitors from outside their communities and they too have got a chance to go visit other farmers beyond their communities.
3. Mr. Ouma Silver from Okoia vaillage, Ngora town council
He received vegetable seeds (onions, cabbages, Sukuma Wiki, and green paper) from the project.
- Before these interventions, he used to have shortages of vegetables for home consumption. But he now has plenty of the vegetables that have resulted in improved on his family’s nutrition status. “My kids now look very healthy” Mr. Ouma states. “Vegetables have also increased my income since I sell some to the market”.
- He also says that training on vegetable drying has helped them conserve the vegetables for ‘hard-times’ i.e. during the dry season. He further says that he is one of the beneficiaries of the rain water harvesting technology but he no longer uses it because the material used for lining was weak and no longer holds water. His suggestion to this is using bricks and cement instead of tarpaulin. He believes that with efficient rain water harvesting technology in-place, they will be able to produce the vegetables all year round.
4. Mrs. Asio Jennifer hails from Kumel Village, Mukula Sub-county.
Mrs. Asio says that before the project intervention, the wife and husband husband were living in complete poverty with no clear source of income. When she joined the project, she got exposed and got more informed. She received vegetable seeds and a drier from the project. This has resulted in increased family income earned from the vegetable sells. “We recently purchased a goat “.
- Despite the benefits, Mrs Asio says they still face some challenges; she talked about the solar-dryer trays that are continuously spoilt by the sun heat.
- Her failure to grow the vegetables during the dry season because the nearest source of water is 3 km away.
- She plans to expand on her vegetable growing enterprise and earn more money. Never the less, she acknowledges the efforts of the project.
5. Ms. Achamu Florence from Nayamongo village, Ngora S/C
6. Apolot Jane Emurai from Osigiria Western Ward, Ngora T/C
7. Akurut Rose received blakeria seeds from the project.
8. Amongin Anne Grace
This is an output from a project “Harnessing crop-livestock integration to enhance food security and livelihoods resilience to effects of climate change in Eastern and Central Africa” funded by the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) region. We acknowledge financial and technical support from ASARECA, National Agricultural Research Laboratories; Send-a-Cow and the National Livestock Resources Research Institute. Special thanks to the farmers, local district extension staff and policy makers for their cooperation.
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Women's day 2017 medal for contribution towards the livelihood of the smallholder farmers in Uganda
Best Scientist in promoting & disseminating Agric Research Technologies 2006-2016
Dr. Jolly Kabirizi participated in the 2014 Best Farmer Award Competetion which lasted one year (March 2013 to September 2014. A total of 1986 farmers from all districts of Uganda participated in the competition. Jolly emerged as one of the best 20 farmers and was awrded a certificate. She has continued to train smallscale farmers on improved dairy cattle production.
Dr. Kabirizi was also awarded a certificate for the “Best Livestock research scientist” in the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) in 2013.
- Field tour of the smallholder dairy farming systems in Ethiopia, 1996 (Funded by World Bank/Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries).
- Certificate of recognition for improving dairy cattle productivity in Masaka district and rural livelihoods (2004)
- Certificate of recognition for improving dairy cattle productivity in Masaka district and rural livelihoods (2004) Given by the farmers in Masaka district.
- Best oral presenter (Certificates and books and money).
- Conference on “Regional Symposium on livestock revolution: Challenges and opportunities” at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Headquarters, Conference Hall, Nairobi, Kenya from 15th to 18th March 2004.
- International workshop on “Enhancing the contribution of small livestock to the rural livelihoods of resource poor communities”, Hotel Brovad, Masaka, 15 to 19th November 2004.
- Best poster presentation during “The Innovation African Symposium”, held at Munyonyo Resort Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 20th to 23rd November 2006.
5. Promotion from Research Officer 11 to Senior Research Officer (2006).
6. Fellowship awarded by Gender and Diversity Programme funded by Rockefeller Foundation’s Africa Regional Program to enhance scientific and leadership skills for women in East Africa (2006 to 2008).
Best oral presenter (Certificates and books and money)
- Conference on “Regional Symposium on livestock revolution: Challenges and opportunities” at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Headquarters, Conference Hall, Nairobi, Kenya from 15th to 18th March 2004.
- International workshop on “Enhancing the contribution of small livestock to the rural livelihoods of resource poor communities”, Hotel Brovad, Masaka, 15 to 19th November 2004.
- Best poster presentation during “The Innovation African Symposium”, held at Munyonyo Resort Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 20th to 23rd November 2006 Promotion from Research Officer 11 to Senior Research Officer (2006) Fellowship awarded by Gender and Diversity Programme funded by Rockefeller Foundation’s Africa Regional Program to enhance scientific and leadership skills for women in East Africa (2006 to 2008). A 5-day study visit to the Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences (DIAS) Research Centres at Flakkebjerg and Foulum and The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, 19th to 22nd August 2006. An award and certificate from Dr, Rahab Ngumba, Director, International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi, Kenya for an excellent poster presentation during the “Innovation Africa Symposium”, 20th to 23rd November 2006 at Munyonyo Resort Beach Hotel.
- An award of US $ 2,000 for one of the best innovative case studies “Integrating forage legumes in smallholder cereal crop-livestock farming systems: Impact on feed and animal production and household income” under “Developing technology and innovation Africa: focus on agriculture and food industry” The case study was sponsored by World Bank and DANID hpp/info.worldbank,org/etools/does/library/243693
- A cash award of US $ 1,500 and certificates of merit as one of the 5 top winners of the “All Africa Young Professionals and Women in Science Competition Finals held at Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The competitions were sponsored by RUFORUM/CTA/ NEPAD/FARA/ATPS/AGRA. The title of the presentation was “Participatory testing of forage legume innovations with women farmers in Masaka district, Uganda: impact on fodder availability, animal performance and household income. http://ruforumsecretariat.blogspot.com/ and http://knowledge.cta.int/en/Dossiers/CTA-and-S-T/ACP-women-and-S-T/Women...
"Top 5 Winners of the 2009 “All Africa Women in Science Competition”
NARO Council Award for being one of the outstanding NARO research scientists, Award ceremony was held at the, Golf Course hotel, 29th February 2012 Special award for a paper “Improving smallholder dairy production systems through participatory evaluation of climate change adaptation technologies and innovations” presented during the 8th Eastern and Southern Africa Dairy Association (ESADA) Dairy science conference and exhibition, 24th to 27th April 2012, Kenya Participated in the 3rd All-Africa Wide Womenand Young Professionals in Science Competition. The paper “Kabirizi et. al. 2012. Improving livelihoods of resource-poor smallholder mixed farmers through promotion of appropriate climate adaptation strategies in RCA region is one of 20 papers selected out of 316 papers from 32 countries for the finals to take place in 2013 in Ghana. All semi-finalists will be funded to attend the 3rd RUFORUM Biannual conference, 26th to 28th September 2012 in Uganda An award from the International Hunger Project, USA for servicing The Hunger Project Uganda as a Board member for 10 years (2010-2011)
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Workshops and conferences attended
- Dairy Cattle Husbandry (14th March to 17th June 1983), International Agricultural Centre (IAC), The Netherlands
- Dairy husbandry in the tropics (20th March to 5th April 1990), The Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture, (March to April, 1990)
- Training Course in Pasture Management in the Tropical (17th April to 15th June 1990), Department of Primary Industries, Queensland, Australia.
- Second FAO Regional Grazing Workshop. Makerere University Kampala, Uganda. 30th March-3rd April 1992.
- Second Uganda Pasture Network Workshop. Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda 14- 16 December 1992.
- Legumes in the Cropping Systems in the Tropics and Subtropics (7th June to 30th June 1993), Centre for Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany
- The Range Development Orientation technical Workshops, Mukono D.F.I. 8th -14th May 1994.
- Bi-monthly Technical Workshop by Subject Matter Specialists (SMS) in Animal health and Animal Production. Mukono D.F.I., Uganda, 11-12th April, 1996.
- Regional Forage Workshops. Mukono D.F.I., 24-28th March 1996; Bushenyi D.F.I., 31/4/1996 and Tororo D.F.I., 17-21st. March, 1996.
- Forage Development Training Workshop. Mukono D.F.I. 14th-18th April 1996.
- 2nd Course in ruminant nutrition, held at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Ethiopia, 1st to 21st June 1996.
- NARO/DANIDA Livestock Systems Research programme (LSRSP) Workshop. International Conference centre, Kampala, Uganda. 17th October 1996.
- Regional refresher Seminar for Alumni of the International Agricultural centre Dairy Course (The Netherlands). December 2nd-13th, 1996.
- Communications and Writing Skills (28th July to 8th August 1997), The Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI)/CTA/CIDA/AWLAE
- Communication and Writing Skills in Scientific Writing for Women in East Africa. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Nairobi 28th. July 1997-8th August 1997.
- International Scientific Conference “Veterinary medicine, the key to animal health”. Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. 16-18th April, 1997.
- First Livestock Systems Research Methodologies Workshop for Improvement of Animal Production and Health. Namulonge Agricultural and Animal Production Research Institute. Kampala, Uganda. January, 13th-16th, 1997.
- Third Livestock Systems Research Methodologies Workshop for Improvement of Animal production and Health. Research Centre Foulum (DIAS) and the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (RVAU), Denmark, 1st-18th, September 1997.
- Ruminant Nutrition and Feeding Systems (8th to 26th January 1998), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI, Ethiopia
- Training Course on Participatory Methods for Technology Development and Transfer (30th March to 8th April 1998- Part 1), Mukono District Farm Institute, NARO/FARMESA/SIDA/FAO
- Training course on participatory methods for technology development and transfer held at Mukono District Farm Institute, Kampala, Uganda, 30th March to 8th April 1998
- Training Course on participatory technology development and transfer: Monitoring and evaluation (18th to 24th October 1998- Part 2), Mukono District Farm Institute, NARO/FARMESA/SIDA/FAO
- Livestock and Environment (29th November to 11th December 1999),International Agricultural Centre and Wageningen University, The Netherlands
- Ecofarming in Africa (30th October to 10th November 2000)- Cameroon DSE/German Foundation for International Development- Bemuda, Cameroon
- Workshop on Impact assessment on Smallholder Dairy in East Africa, Livestock Research Institute (LIRI), Nairobi, Kenya, September 12th to 15th, 2000.
- Training of Trainers in Content Development Farmer Communication Materials Development (11th to 19th June 2001), Mukono Agricultural Research Development Centre, CAB/IDRC
- Training trainers in content development: Farmer communication materials development, held at Mukono Agricultural Research Development Centre. 11th to 19th June 2001.
- Ecofarming in Africa (11th October to 25th October 2002), DSE/German Foundation for International Development- Jinja, Uganda
- Follow-up of the Workshop on Ecofarming in Africa, Bamenda, Cameroon, 30th October to 10th November 2000.
- Follow-up of the Workshop on Networking for Eco-farming in Africa (NECOFA), Uganda, 11th October to 25th October 2002. Sunset Hotel, Jinja
- National Follow-up workshop on ecofarming: Strategies of ecofarming promotion in Uganda, at Mukono ARDC, 19th – 20th December 2002.
- Urban Livestock Keepers for Sub-Saharan Africa (2nd to 4th March 2003) at The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya.
- Animal Production Society of Kenya Annual Scientific Symposium (6th to 7th March 2003) at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Naivasha.
- Social-Economic and Gender Analysis SEAGA) Sector Guide on Livestock in Uganda, Hotel Triangle, Jinja, 23rd to 26th March 2003
- Livestock Systems Annual and Internal Review Workshop held at Hotel African-Kampala, Uganda, 18-20th March 2003.
- 30th Tanzanian Society of Animal Production Scientific Conference held at 4H Centre- Tanga, October 28th to 30th, 2003.
- Testing of Social-Economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) Sector Guide on Livestock workshop. Held on 23rd to 26th March 2003 at Hotel Triangle, Jinja.
- The Regional Animal Production Conference at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Headquarters, Conference Hall, Nairobi, Kenya from 15th to 18th March 2004.
- Leadership workshop for Women Scientists and Engineers in Africa (AWSE), AWSE, ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya (August 16-22, 2004).
- The 7th Annual Graduate Workshops 14-16th August 2004. Makerere University Agric. Res., Kabanyolo, Uganda.
- Leadership Workshop for African Women Scientists and Engineers (AWSE), Nairobi, Kenya (15th –21st August 2004)
- Promotion of Ecofarming for Food Security of Natural Resources, Health and Income Generation, held at Amashairo Hotel Ltd in Kumasi, Ghana from 27th September to 8th October 2004.
- International conference on “Integrated Agricultural Research for Development: Achievements, Lessons Learned and Best Practice”. National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), The Botanical Beach Hotel, Entebbe, 1st to 4th September 2004.
- Regional workshop on research and development on indigenous fodder trees and shrubs (IFTS) in Eastern Africa, ICRAF campus, Nairobi, Kenya, 15th to 17th September 2004
- Third general assembly of the forum for Agricultural research for Africa (FARA), Imperial Botanical Hotel, Entebbe 4-10th June 2005, Uganda
- Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) held at Imperial Botanical Hotel, Entebbe, 3rd to 9th June 2005.
- Regional workshop on livestock water productivity under CGIAR “Challenge programme on water and food”, September 5th to 8th, 2005. held at Kabira County Club, Bukoto, Kampala, Uganda.
- Tenth Southern and Eastern African Association for Farming Systems Research- Extension (SEAAFSRE), Regional conference, 19-21 September 2005 in Lilongwe, Malawi.
- Regional workshop on “Nile Basin livestock water productivity” under CGIAR Challenge Programme on water and food held at Kabira country club, Bukoto, Kampala, Uganda, 5th to 8th September 2005.
- Southern and Eastern African Association for Farming Systems Research-extension (SEAAFSRE), tenth regional conference, 19-21 September 2005 in Lilongwe, Malawi.
- Strategies for ensuring clean germplasm for distribution and use, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2nd to 9th October 2005.
- ICIPE/Rothmastead Push and Pull workshop, Debre Zeit, International Livestock Research Institute (IRLI), 7th October 2005
- Workshop on elephant grass disease held at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2nd to 9th October 2005.
- Seventh African Crop Science Society Conference, 5-9 December 2005
- Hand in Hand: A workshop on German Alumni Networking in Uganda held at Uganda German Cultural Society (UGCS), 10th December, 2005.
- A-AARNET Feeds analysis and feeding strategies course, ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 20th November to 3rd December 2005.
- The 7th African Crop Science Society Conference, 5-9 Dec. 2005 held at Imperial Botanical Hotel, Entebbe.
- Priority setting in livestock research stakeholder workshop at Mukono zonal agricultural research institute, 4th November 2005.
- Training-of-trainers course on: Agroforestry fodder shrub innovation in Eastern and Central Africa, 12 to 16 June 2006, Nyeri – Kenya
- CPWF Stakeholders Consultation Seminar in Uganda. Held at the Faculty of Forestry and Natural Resources, Makerere University. 29th May 2006.
- Gender and Diversity/Rockefeller fellowship program on strengthening the careers of women scientists working in East African NARIs and universities: Mentoring Workshop for Women in Science Fellowship Programs, Mombasa, July 03 – 07, 2006.
- The CGIAR women’s leadership course, from 15 to 21 October 2006 at the IITA campus in Ibadan, Nigeria
- Mainstreaming Gender in agricultural research (2007, 2008 and 2009)Gender and Mentoring Orientation Workshop, July 02 – 07 July 2005, Severin Sea Lodge, Mombasa, Kenya
- The 8th Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology and the British Society of Plant Pathology, 13th to 18th August 2006 at the Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences (DIAS), Denmark
- The 9th Graduate workshop at Makerere University Agricultural Research Institute, Kabanyolo, 1st to 3rd September 2006
- IMPACT workshop at NAARI, 4th to 8th September 2006
- CGIAR Women’s Leadership and management course, 15th to 21st October 2006, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria
- East Africa Goat Development Network Conference, 6th to 8th November 2006, Mt. Elgon Hotel, Mbale
- The Innovation African Symposium, held at Munyonyo Resort Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 21st to 23rd November 2006.
- Uganda Veterinary Association Symposium : Challenges to Professional Animal Health Management in Sub Saharan Africa” and Annual General meeting held on 30th November to 1st December 2006 at Hotel Equatorial.
- Gender mainstreaming training workshop 12-16 December 2006 at Mukono Zonal Research Institute
- FARM Africa Uganda Programme Advisory Committee/Strategic Planning Workshop held at Hotel Africana, 16th to 18th January 2007.
- International Conference Agricultural Innovation for the Dryland Africa: What are the key drivers for success?”, 22nd to 24th January 2007 at the FARA Secretariat, PMB, Accra, Ghana.
- Dissemination workshop on recent advances in technology for utilization and management of urban market crop wastes for crop/livestock production systems, 22-23rd March 2007 at Fair Way Hotel, Kampala
- Faculty of Agriculture Strategic Planning Workshop held at The Imperial Botanical Beach Hotel, Entebbe, 7th to 9th May 2007
- Dairy Value Chain Stakeholders’ Consultative Workshop at Hotel Equatorial, Kampala, 25th July 2007.
- UGONET Central Region Inaugural Workshop, 12th August 2007, Sharing Hall, Nsambya, Kampala, Uganda.
- Tropentag 2007 Conference. Utilization of diversity in land use systems: Sustainable and organic approaches to meet human needs, October 9 – 11, 2007, Witzenhausen, Germany.
- Eighth African Crop Science Society Conference, 27-31 October 2007, El-Minia, Egypt
- National Competitive Grant Scheme (Livestock) Principal Investigators Workshop Monday, 27 August 2007, NARO Boardroom, Entebbe
- WOCAN (Women Organizing for a Change in Agriculture and Nature Resource Management) workshop, 29th April to 2nd May 2008 at Hotel Nova View, Ntinda, Uganda.
- International Conference on Dryland Development: Sustainable Development in Drylands-Meeting the Challenge of Global Climate Change, 7-10 November 2008, Alexandria, Egypt.
- NARO-ILRI training workshop on assessing impact of agricultural research and development, 1-5th December 2008, Mukono ZARDI
- Workshop to validate national development plan (NDP) gender guidelines. Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development, 15th December 2008. Hotel Equatorial, Uganda.
- Contribution of effective gender mainstreaming to GDP growth prospects for Uganda: Modeling study: Peer Review Meeting, 19th December 2008 at Mosa Courts, Uganda.